Dealing with infidelity may be the hardest thing you will ever do, but you are not alone. Some studies suggest that as many as 22% of men and women have cheated at one time or another.(1) Famous people (including Smokey Robinson, Hillary Clinton, Jacques Chirac, Rudy Giuliani, and even Albert Einstein) have had the experience of having to manage infidelity, either as the cheater or as the betrayed spouse.
Steven M Cohn, PhD, LMFT
The Portland Couples Counseling Center
1940 NE Broadway
Portland, Oregon 97232
You may have never thought about it before, but infidelity does not always involve sex. Emotional infidelity can occur, particularly over the Internet, but also in face-to-face situations where intercourse does not result from the emotional intimacy. Distinguishing between an emotional affair and a platonic friendship is not always easy, but typically, an emotional affair involves secrecy and deception, whereas both spouses openly acknowledge a platonic friendship outside the marriage relationship. It is interesting to note that females typically experience more distress from infidelity of an emotional nature than that of a sexual nature, while men typically have the opposite response.(2)
People enter into affairs for a variety of reasons such as low self-esteem, a sense that something is missing from the primary relationship, or a desire to keep up with peers who talk about having affairs. Some adulterers are even addicted to sex, risky behavior, or the feeling of romance that comes with a new relationship. The person who cheats may feel guilty about the affair, or may feel that he or she is entitled to step out for some reason. Some people feel that the past history of their relationships justifies their partner's going through the heartache of dealing with infidelity.
Once the affair is discovered, the couple has a fundamental decision to make concerning dealing with infidelity. Should they try to rebuild the marriage or go their separate ways? No one can provide the answer to this question other than the two people involved, but marriage therapists may be able to help one or both of the spouses resolve any ambivalence they are experiencing about whether or not to stay married.
The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy states that dealing with infidelity by rebuilding a marriage involves three steps.(3) First, the couple must assure that both members are safe as they address the pain and trauma of the infidelity disclosure. Second, in order for the spouse to heal, he or she must be allowed to ask questions of the cheating partner about the affair. Although this generally starts out as an inquisition, a therapist can help the interaction become more of an information-seeking interaction. Finally, the couple must integrate the meaning of the affair and move on to a stage of healing and forgiveness.
Although dealing with infidelity can be exceedingly traumatic, there are sometimes unintended positive outcomes after an affair. A 2002 study(4) of the emotional processes following disclosure of an extramarital affair found that some couples became closer, placed a higher value on family, and realized the importance of good marital communication after dealing with infidelity. The vast majority of couples do not attain the positive outcomes(5), but it is worth considering that this is possible as you are dealing with infidelity in your own marriage and deciding whether or not you want to try rebuilding.
(1)Consumer Update: Many Cheat For A Thrill MSNBC
(2) Cann, Arnie, Mangum, Jessica L., Wells, Marissa. Distress in response to relationship infidelity: the roles of gender and attitudes about relationships - Statistical Data Included. Journal of Sex Research, August, 2001.
(3)Consumer Update: Infidelity. American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. Retrieved April 18, 2008 from http://www.aamft.org/families/consumer_updates/infidelity.asp
(4) Olson, M. M., Russell, C. R., Higgins-Kessler, M., & Miller, R. B. (2002). Emotional processes following disclosure of an extramarital affair. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28 (4), 423-434.
(5)Charny, IW, Parnass, S. The impact of extramarital
relationships on the continuation of marriages. Journal of Sex and
Marital Therapy. 1995 Summer, 21(2):100-15.
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Did Your Husband, Wife, or Intimate Partner Cheat on You?
Don't let infidelity, an affair, or a one-night stand destroy your relationship.
With professional intervention it is often possible to work through the pain of betrayal and come out stronger on the other side.
Steven Cohn, PhD is a seasoned Relationship Specialist with extensive experience in working with couples struggling to recover after an affair.